Established: February 2, 1865, Original County
County Seat: Virginia City
Virginia City, Montana
William H. "Bill" Fairweather, Henry Edgar, Thomas W. Cover, Michael Sweeney, Barney Hughes and Henry/Harry Rodgers discovered gold in Alder Gulch in southwestern Montana in 1863. They were on their way to Yellowstone Country from Bannack but were waylaid by a band of Crows. While hiding from the Indians in a gulch they found gold. They named the gulch after the alder trees lining the gulch. Alder was one of the great gold producers of all time. The site of the largest placer gold strike in world history. It produced $10,000,000.00 during the first year. A year later the boom town of Virginia City had a population of 10,000. People lived in makeshift tents and shacks and every third construction was a saloon. The site gave birth to two of Montana's most famous towns: Virginia City and Nevada City. The discoveries at Alder Gulch drew people away from Bannack, reducing the population, making Virginia City the territorial capital from 1865 to 1875.

This archives of the MTGenWeb Project contains a remarkable collection of “on-line” record information regarding details about the history of Montana’s past.
List of books for further research. Many of these books can be found on or
Some notable Madison County People. Taken from The History of Montana,by Joaquin Miller, 1894
Here is a list of cemeteries for Madison County. Some have been transcribed and some have been partially transcribed. If you have the opportunity to transcribe a Madison County cemetery, please send the webhost the transcription so that we can post it online here!
The Census Finder site maintains current links to all known & available FREE census lookups throughout the world. The site grows in size almost daily, and includes Native Americans.
Census Records
Mark Reed has created a free-search Montana Census Record website at . It is in the early stages of development, and records for a few of the counties are available. It has a colored map of the counties. His companion states census records are available at
The complete on-line listing of all recorded deaths, those where an official report was filed, are available at the Montana State Genealogy’s Site.
Names of Early Residents, transcribed from local history books
Names of Early Residents, transcribed from local history books
Information on the Madison River Canyon Earthquake Area which happened on August 17, 1959.
Information submitted by readers on various Madison County Families
Record Collections found on FamilySearch
Event timeline as it relates to Montana history
Early Land Records for Madison County settlers. They contain the legal description of the land.
Written by Josie E. Uhl circa 1867.
Listing of the public libraries in Madison County.
Please be specific in your requests and be sure to thank these volunteers.
Under development.
This is a discussion list for individuals researching Madison County. To subscribe, click above and write the word "subscribe" in the body of the message. If you decide to unsubscribe at a later time, send an email with the single word "unsubscribe" to the mailing list.
List of Madison County mines and the topo quad map that they are located on.
List of Madison County mines and the topo quad map that they are located on.
The Madisonian. Not online.
(taken from The Madisonian)
A list of the known Outlaws and Vigilantes.
Early Madison County photos.
Photos of the Husband Family and Schneider Family. Feel free to submit yours.
A list of early Madison County Pioneers with email links to their researchers.
This Query Board links to questions and answers related to the local areas in or near Madison County. For all other queries please check the various sites established by Rootsweb at their site.
Surnames being researched in Madison County, with contact information.
A list of all known towns, populated places and ghost towns in Madison County.
Vital Records
The Madison County Clerk and Recorder has birth and death records from 1900, and land records from 1864. The Clerk of Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records.

Madison County Courthouse
101 W Wallace
Virginia City, MT 59755-0278
Phone: (406) 843-4277
Fax: (406) 843-5517

Jane Colmenares  ~  County Coordinator

Last Update 26 March 2019

Copyright 2000 ~  present
Part of The MTGenWeb Project
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